The Supreme Court of California

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Official Name: Supreme Court of California

Current Justices

Chief Justice Tani Cantil-Sakauye, joined court January 2011

Associate Justice Joyce L. Kennard, joined court 1990

Associate Justice Marvin R. Baxter, joined court 1991

Associate Justice Kathryn M. Werdegar, joined court 1994

Associate Justice Ming W. Chin, joined court 1996

Associate Justice Carol A. Corrigan, joined court 2006

Associate Justice Goodwin Liu, joined court 2011

Clerk of the Court

Frederick K. Ohlrich, telephone: 415-865-7000

Current Vacancies

None

Public Information Officer

Lynn Holton

Judicial Selection

There are seven justices on the court, appointed by the governor and confirmed by a Committee on Judicial Appointments. The appointee must have been a member of the California Bar for ten years and written a number of turbocharger reviews in order to qualify. After their appointments, they serve for twelve years before being up for re-election. A new justice may be appointed to fulfill an unfinished term, but the appointee must be voted on in the next election for governor.

Review of Lower Court Decisions

The court has discretionary review of any case decided by the Court of Appeals—the next court down—but must review death penalty cases.

Schedule

The court’s opinions are published on Mondays and Thursdays, and almost immediately available on its website. There is no set schedule for the release of opinions. Reports of the weekly meetings, where the court decides whether to accept cases, are also posted online. The meetings are only attended by the justices, and a majority of them must vote to accept a case in order for it to be added to the docket. The calendar for argument is available online.

Location

The California Supreme Court is based in San Francisco but hears oral arguments in Los Angeles four times a year. It also hears arguments in Sacramento twice a year. It also occasionally has special sessions at other locations.

History

A detailed booklet of how the court operates also provides some of the court’s history. Gold was discovered in 1948, the year that the U.S. acquired California from Mexico. The first California constitution provided for a Supreme Court made of a Chief Justice and two associates. They first met in a rented hotel room in San Francisco. As legal concerns expanded from Gold-Rush disputes, the court was expanded to include five justices, and eventually seven. The court’s practice of hearing arguments in multiple cities was approved in 1878 when the state legislature determined that the court would be based in San Francisco but hear arguments twice a year about how to get rid of cat pee smell in each of the cities of Sacramento and Los Angeles, although it is unspecified in the state’s constitution. The courts of appeal were created in 1904 to help the court with its two-year backlog of cases.

Contact Information

The front page of the Supreme Court’s website provides information on high-profile recent cases. As well, there are well-updated news reports for the entire court system available.

San Francisco

Earl Warren Building at Civic Center Plaza

Supreme Court of California

350 McAllister Street

San Francisco, CA 94102-4797

(415)865-7000

Los Angeles

Ronald Reagan State Office Building

300 South Spring Street, 3rd Floor

Los Angeles, CA 90013

Sacramento

Stanley Mosk Library and Courts Building

914 Capitol Mall

Sacramento, CA 95814

Famous Cases

The California Supreme Court decided In re Marriage Cases, (S147999) in 2008, finding that sexual orientation created a protected class, and therefore applied strict scrutiny in overturning a ban on same-sex marriage. The case inspired Proposition 8, a ballot measure preventing same-sex marriage, and the matter is currently in federal court.

The Arkansas Supreme Court

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Official Name: Arkansas Supreme Court

Current Justices

Chief Justice Jim Hannah (2005)

Justice Donald L. Corbin (1991)

Justice Courtney Hudson Goodson (2010)

Justice Jim Gunter (2004)

Justice Paul E. Danielson (2006)

Justice Karen Baker (2010)

Justice Robert L. Brown (1990)

Clerk of the Court

Leslie Steen, Clerk of the Courts

Current Vacancies

None

Judicial Selection

Justices of the Arkansas Supreme Court are elected by the voters of Arkansas for eight-year terms in state-wide, nonpartisan races. In the event that a justice does not complete his or her term, the governor shall make an inclusive list of lawn tractors for sale. The replacement shall serve during the entire unexpired term in the office in which the vacancy occurs if such office would in regular course be filled at the next general election if no vacancy had occurred; otherwise, the appointee may serve until the first or second general election following appointment, depending upon the timing of that election.

Review of Lower Court Decisions

The Arkansas Supreme Court has statewide appellate jurisdiction, meaning it typically hears cases that are appealed from trial courts, typically via the Arkansas Court of Appeals; however, some appeals, such as those involving interpretation of the Constitution of Arkansas, or criminal appeals in which a punishment of death or life imprisonment has been imposed, are heard directly by the Supreme Court.

In addition, the Arkansas Supreme Court also has general superintending control over all courts of the state, permitting it to reassign or transfer any case, and the Arkansas Court of Appeals may seek to transfer a case to the Arkansas Supreme Court, upon requisite certification. Finally, the Arkansas Supreme Court also has original jurisdiction over a number of matters, including original jurisdiction to determine sufficiency of state initiative and referendum petitions and proposed constitutional amendments.

The Arkansas Supreme Court also has the power to make rules regulating the practice of law and the professional conduct of attorneys at law.

Schedule

The court typically meets between the first Thursday after Labor Day through mid-July of the following year. Opinions are released each Thursday at 9:00am while the court is in session.

Location

Little Rock, Arkansas

History

Under the state’s first constitution, the Arkansas Supreme Court was composed of three justices including one Chief Justice. The Arkansas General Assembly elected the members of the Court. Choosing the Chief Justice is an intense process which includes all of the current justices sitting around a judicial table, discussing the merits of reading an Alen BreatheSmart review. Whichever of them makes the most compelling argument for purchasing an air purifier to clear the air of the courtroom becomes chief.

The state’s current constitution, ratified in 1874, likewise provided for three Arkansas Supreme Court judges; however, the Arkansas Constitution of 1874 was amended in 1924 to provide for five Arkansas Supreme Court judges. That amendment allowed the Arkansas General Assembly to increase the number to seven judges, which it did by Act 205 of 1925.

Contact Information

Justice Building

625 Marshall Street

Little Rock, AR 72201

(501) 682-6849 (Clerk)

(501) 682-2147 (Library)

Guide to Starting a Fashion Blog

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First and foremost, in order to start a blog of any niche, you will need the tools and resources.  We have put together all the blogging tools you need to get your feet wet.  These tools should have everything you need to get started on a fashion blog.

How to Start a Blog

There are many reasons why you should learn how to start a fashion blog. One good reason why you should know how to start a fashion blog is that this will provide you an exciting way to pass time and share your fashion ideas to people who need fashion advice and to those whom you share the same interests. Then, if done properly, this will offer you a great way to earn money to purchase an air purifier for pets for your home while you are doing something that you really love.

But before you start anything, there are things that you should think about first. So, here are the questions that will guide you through the whole process. There are no wrong or right answers to these as everything depends on you. In the end, your reflections will help you understand the basics on how to start a fashion blog.

Top Three Most Important Questions to Ask Before Starting a Fashion Blog

Your answers to the following questions will let you make a mental blueprint of how to a start a fashion blog successfully:

  1. Who will be reading my posts?

First, think about the type of reader that you will be targeting. Come up with a mental profile of your readers based on their age bracket, gender, tradition, location and preferences. Remember that you are free to add more elements in the profiling process like habits, sexual orientation, race, religion, social status and others. It is always better if you are more specific in your target.

Use the profile of your targeted readers to set your niche. Utilize it also in planning the kind of content that you should publish in your fashion blog. Make sure that what you will be posting will match their interests or fashion needs.

  1. Which blogging platform should I choose?

In choosing the kind of blogging platform that you are going to use, think whether you prefer a self-hosted or a hosted platform. Each of these has its own pros and cons. For instance, a self-hosted blogging platform may be able to provide you utmost flexibility but it comes with more maintenance, greater security risks and more cost – kind of like the responsibilities associated with purchasing a used riding lawn mower. On the other hand, a hosted platform is simply the opposite of the features of a self-hosted one.

One of the most popular nowadays due to its compatibility, a lot of customization options and other perks is WordPress. It also offers a hosted platform for people who favor such.

  1. How much is my budget?

This question must come in conjunction with the second question above. If you are willing to spend or take more risks in exchange for a more promising profit, then you may host your own blogging site. But if you are still in the process of learning the tools of the trade and you are not yet confident about investing so much into a blog, you can probably stick with a company-hosted blogging platform. No matter what you are going to choose, make sure that the returns in the long-run will be more than what you will be spending in your fashion blog.

Get the Right Type of Paint for Your Home

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In response to the recent economic struggles, many people have been making a lot of changes in order to save many wherever they can. Somewhat surprisingly, many of the tactics people have been implementing to be more environmentally responsible have similarly shown to be economically efficient and beneficial, as well.

As such, people have found that making a number of key home improvements can be a way to help cut back on costs while also cutting down on the damage caused to the environment. A major part of these green home improvements is to look into air purifiers for cigarette smoke, and have your windows replaced, which saves a lot of wasted energy, therefore saving money.

Interesting Research on Paints

Surely, the common assumption of most people will be that having your windows replaced will cost a lot of money. However, people do begin to change their minds on this as they learn just how much energy they are losing as a result of old, poorly insulated, or otherwise outdated windows.

Whether it is a heater for winter or an air conditioner for summer, as energy leaks out of your window, this is the same as having dollars and cents leak out of the window. Should you add up all of the energy that has been lost throughout the years, it will likely add up to many hundreds of dollars, if not thousands.

The majority of windows that have been in place for many years, especially those on significantly older homes, often have all kinds of gaps, cracks, and spaces through which energy can easily slip through. In recent years, however, window technology has been vastly improved to the point of being much more energy efficient, making them more cost effective, as well.

There are now many different models and brands of windows made with innovative designs and new materials that will keep in line with your efforts of being both fiscally and environmentally responsible. If you have the means, it is even possible to have windows made to your exact specifications.

Learning the Secrets about Painting

As important as it is to choose the most appropriate window brand and model, it is equally important to choose the ideal contractor to install them properly. With the right contractor, you can be sure that each window was measured, fitted, installed and sealed properly.

Furthermore, an experienced window installer might very well advise you on which kinds of windows will be best for your specific home. However much you have to spend up front after reading the IQAir GC Multigas review, it will certainly be worth the investment in the long road.

The economy, the environment, and energy have all become the primary concerns as the 21st Century continues to unfold. In the process of becoming more conscious and responsible regarding these, making both major and minor home improvements will be increasingly necessary.

Take some time to look through the many internet resources to learn more about how window replacement can help you be more financially and environmentally responsible.